Rev. Dr. Tommy Davis is a New York Division deputy chief chaplain for an international ministry (Chaplain Fellowship Ministries) and oversees chaplains working in law enforcement, jails, hospitals, and the community at large. Dr. Davis is a conservative Republican with articles appearing in periodicals and blogs. Dr. Davis is a
graduate of Apex School of Theology, Tennessee Temple University/ Temple Baptist Seminary and has degrees in Theology, Religious Education, Ministry and Chaplaincy Studies and often writes on American/Church history, Economics from a biblical worldview, and political perspectives. He is often consulted by Republican politicians for ideas that shape social policy. He received a volunteer civic participation award from U.S. President George W. Bush in 2007. Dr. Davis is also the Spiritual Advisor for the Frederick Douglass Foundation of New York and serve as a full-time chaplain at a detention facility in upstate New York.
Mrs. Providence Crowder loves to serve God through serving people. She is married with two children and has worked for the past 15 years as a Public Safety professional. She has earned a bachelor’s degree in Organizational Management from Roberts Wesleyan College and Master’s in Theology from Northeastern Seminary. Mrs. Crowder is a conservative Republican with a biblical worldview. She belongs to several organizations whose mission is to educate people about the importance of fiscal responsibility and adhering to conservative values. Mrs. Crowder is a board member of the Frederick Douglass Foundation of New York.
The First Black Congressmen in America were all Republican
Some Notables From History
Hiram Rhodes Revels (September 27, 1827 – January 16, 1901) was the first African American to serve in the United States Senate. Since he preceded any African American in the House, he was the first African American in the U.S. Congress as well. As a Republican, he represented Mississippi in 1870 and 1871 during Reconstruction. As of 2009, Revels is one of only six African Americans ever to have served in the United States Senate.
He was born near in Halifax County, North Carolina near the town of Weldon. His parents were slaves. He was taken to Alabama at age five. Turner received no early education. By clandestine study he obtained a fair education. He seems to have remained enslaved until the Emancipation Proclamation was issued. He engaged in mercantile pursuits. He set up a livery stable in Selma, Alabama. He was also elected tax collector of Dallas County, Alabama in 1867; then latter councilman of the city of Selma in 1869.
Turner was unanimously nominated to be the Republican candidate from the Alabama First District which at that point encompassed South-west Alabama. He was elected as a Republican to the Forty-second Congress (March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873). He did feel that the northern Republicans living in his district had not supported him in his run for office enough. In congress he worked to restore political and legal rights to those who had fought against the United States in the American Civil War. He also fought for the repeal of the tax on cotton on the grounds that it hurt poor African-Americans. In 1872 Turner again received the Republican nomination in the first district. However another African-American, Philip Joseph ran as an independent. This caused a split in the Republican vote, and allowed F. G. Bromberg, a fusion candidate of the Liberal Republicans and Democrats to win. Turner was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1880.
After his political career, he engaged in agricultural pursuits in Alabama. He died in Selma, Alabama on March 21, 1894, aged 69; interred in Live Oak Cemetery.
DeLarge, a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina. He was born in Aiken, South Carolina on March 15, 1842. He received such an education as was then attainable and was graduated from Wood High School, after which he became a farmer. He was a delegate to the South Carolina constitutional convention in 1868, and then a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1868 until 1870. In 1870 he was elected State land commissioner, where he served until his election to the House of Representatives later that year. He was also one of the commissioners of the State’s sinking fund.
De Large served in the House of Representatives from March 4, 1871 until January 24, 1873 when the seat was declared vacant as the result of an election challenge initiated by Christopher C. Bowen. After leaving Congress he served as a local magistrate until his death in Charleston on February 14, 1874.
The First Hispanic Governor was a Republican
In 1863, Romualdo Pacheco was elected state treasurer of California, and then to the state legislature. In 1871, he was elected Lt. Governor. Four years later, the incumbent governor was elected to the U.S. Senate, making Pacheco the 12th Governor of California. Following his ten months in office, he won three terms in the U.S. House of Representatives and then served as ambassador to Honduras and to Guatemala during Republican President Benjamin Harrison’s administration.
Republicans Freed the Slaves
At the suggestion of President Abraham Lincoln, RNC Chairman Edwin Morgan opened the 1864 Republican National Convention with a brief statement:
“The party of which you, gentlemen, are the delegated and honored representatives, will fall far short of accomplishing its great mission, unless among its other resolves it shall declare for such an amendment of the Constitution as will positively prohibit African slavery in the United States.”
Abolishing slavery became part of the platform. Congressional Republicans passed the 13th Amendment unanimously – against nearly unanimous Democrat opposition – and it was ratified within the year.
Republicans Passed the 14th Amendment
The 14th Amendment guarantees due process and equal protection of the laws to all citizens. It enshrines in the Constitution provisions of the GOP’s 1866 Civil Rights Act. The original purpose of the 14th Amendment was to defend African-Americans from their Democrat oppressors in the post-Civil War South.
The principal author of the 14th Amendment was U.S. Rep. John Bingham (R-OH). In Congress, all votes in favor of the 14th Amendment were from Republicans, and all votes against it were from Democrats.
In 1868, the Republican Governor of New Jersey vetoed an attempt by the Democrat-controlled legislature to rescind the state’s ratification of the 14th Amendment.
Republicans Passed the 15th Amendment
In 1869, the Republican-controlled 40th Congress passed the 15th Amendment, extending to African-Americans the right to vote. Nearly all Republicans in Congress voted in favor, though a few abstained, saying it did not go far enough. Nearly all Democrats in Congress voted against the 15th Amendment.
The 15th Amendment was ratified the following year, but using intimidation, poll taxes, registration fraud, and literacy tests Democrats prevented most African-Americans from voting for nearly a century.
The First African-American Senator was a Republican
Born a free man in North Carolina, Hiram Revels moved to Baltimore, where he became a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church. He served as a military chaplain during the Civil War. The end of the war found him in Mississippi, where he settled.
Hiram Revels began his political career, as a Republican, on the Natchez City Council. He then won a seat in the state senate. When the state was re-admitted to the Union in 1870, the legislature elected Revels to the U.S. Senate.
Republican Outlawed the Ku Klux Klan
In 1871, the Republican-controlled 42nd Congress passed a Civil Rights Act aimed at the Ku Klux Klan. Guilty of murdering hundreds of African-Americans, this terrorist organization had also eradicated the Republican Party throughout most of the South. The law empowered the Republican administration of Ulysses Grant to protect the civil rights of the former slaves in federal court, bypassing the Democrat-controlled state courts.
The 1871 Civil Rights Act, along with the GOP’s 1870 Civil Rights Act, effectively banned the Klan and enabled Republican officials to arrest hundreds of Klansmen. Though the U.S. Supreme Court would eventually strike down most of the 1871 Civil Rights Act, the Ku Klux Klan was crushed. The KKK did not rise again until the Democratic administration of President Woodrow Wilson.
Republicans Passed the 1875 Civil Rights Act
On his deathbed in 1874, Senator Charles Sumner (R-MA) told a Republican colleague: “You must take care of the civil rights bill – my bill, the civil rights bill. Don’t let it fail.” In March 1875, the Republican-controlled 43rd Congress passed the most comprehensive civil rights legislation ever. President Ulysses Grant signed the bill into law that same day.
Among its provisions, the 1875 Civil Rights Act banned racial discrimination in public accommodations. Sound familiar? Though struck down by the Supreme Court eight years later, the 1875 Civil Rights Act would be reborn as the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Republican Wrote the 19th Amendment
In 1878, U.S. Senator Aaron Sargent (R-CA) introduced in Congress the proposed 19th Amendment, according women the right to vote. Over the next four decades, it was primarily the Democrats who would oppose the measure. Not until 1919, after the Republican Party won majorities in the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives, did Congress approve what would become the 19th Amendment
A Former Slave Chaired the 1884 Republican National Convention
An African-American former congressman, John Lynch, chaired the 1884 Republican National Convention. A speech seconding his nomination for the post marked the entrance onto the national stage of a 25-year old delegate named Theodore Roosevelt.
Lynch was born into slavery in 1847. After emancipation, he joined the Republican Party. At the age of 22, Lynch was elected to the Mississippi legislature. Within three years, Lynch became speaker of the state House of Representatives. In 1872, at the age of 25, Lynch was elected to the first of three terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, making him one of the youngest persons ever to serve in Congress.
John Lynch was a delegate to five Republican National Conventions. He chaired the Mississippi Republican Party from 1881 to 1889 and was the Republican National Committeeman for Mississippi from 1884 to 1889. He later served in the Benjamin Harrison and William McKinley administrations.
First Women Mayors in the United States
In 1887, Susanna Salter (R-KS), daughter-in-law of a former Lt. Governor, was elected mayor of Argonia, a Kansas town of some 500 people. Support from the local Republican Party was key to her victory. The first woman to serve as mayor, Salter became a national celebrity. On March 2, 1960, President Dwight Eisenhower honored her with a proclamation celebrating her 100th birthday.
Bertha Landes, a Republican, was the first woman to serve as mayor of a large American city. Elected in 1926, Landes campaigned that Seattle needed some “municipal housekeeping.” Among her accomplishments were curbing corruption and reducing crime.
First Democratic president of the 20th century
In 1912, Woodrow Wilson became the first Democratic president of the 20th Century. Wilson led the country through World War I, fought for the League of Nations, established the Federal Reserve Board, and passed the first labor and child welfare laws.
The First Hispanic U.S. Senator was a Republican
Octaviano Larrazolo had three times run unsuccessfully, as a Democrat, for congressional delegate before joining the Republicans in 1911. Seven years later, he was elected Governor of New Mexico.
In 1928, while he was serving in the legislature, a vacancy occurred in the U.S. Senate. Larrazolo won the special election to fill the seat. He served for the last three months of the term, but did not run for re-election due to ill health.
FDR and the ‘New Deal’ era
Franklin Roosevelt was elected president running on the promise of a New Deal. This has been added as an accomplishment though I, like many economists, see the policies of Roosevelt as having prolonged the depression. There were components of the new deal package most notably deposit insurance, and doubling the fixed exchange rate for dollars relative to gold that had positive affects, but by and large it was monetary policy that pulled us from the brink.
The First Asian-American U.S. Senator was a Republican
Born in Honolulu to Chinese immigrants, Hiram Fong entered politics as an influential advocate for statehood. Running as a Republican, he won a seat in the territorial legislature in 1938, rising to House Speaker a decade later. When Hawaii became a state in 1959, Fong was elected one of the state’s first two U.S. Senators. He served three terms in the U.S. Senate, where he strongly supported civil rights legislation. Hiram Fong received votes for the presidential nomination at the 1964 and 1968 Republican National Conventions
The Republican Party First Called for Ending Racial Segregation in the Military
In 1940, the Republican National Convention approved a plank in its platform calling for racial integration of the armed forces: “Discrimination in the civil service, the army, navy, and all other branches of the Government must cease.”
For the next eight years, Democratic presidents Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry Truman refused to integrate. Not until 1948 did President Truman finally comply with the Republicans’ demands for racial justice in the U.S. military.
Harry Truman Integrates Military 1948
Harry Truman, Democrats succumb to Republican pressure to bring down the final barriers of race and gender. Truman integrated the military
Republican Integrated the University of Mississippi
Elbert Tuttle became a leader of the Georgia Republican Party in the 1940s. In 1952, Tuttle was instrumental in securing the Republican presidential nomination for Dwight Eisenhower.
After first appointing him general counsel of the U.S. Treasury Department, President Eisenhower appointed Tuttle to U.S. Court of Appeals in 1954. Recognizing that Brown v. Board of Education was a “broad mandate for racial justice,” Tuttle ruled in favor of civil rights activists in a number of important cases. It was Judge Tuttle who, in 1962, ordered the University of Mississippi to admit its first African-American student, James Meredith.
Republican Wrote the Brown v. Board of Education decision
In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The author of Brown v. Board of Education was a Republican, Chief Justice Earl Warren.
Warren entered Republican politics in 1938 with his election as Attorney General of California. Four years later, he was elected Governor. Earl Warren delivered the keynote address at the 1944 Republican National Convention and was the GOP’s 1948 vice presidential nominee. President Eisenhower appointed him Chief Justice in September 1953. Instrumental in the appointment was Warren’s friend, Attorney General Herbert Brownell, a former chairman of the RNC.
Republicans Passed the 1957 Civil Rights Act
During the five terms of the FDR and Truman presidencies, the Democrats did not propose any civil rights legislation. President Eisenhower, in contrast, asked his Attorney General to write the first federal civil rights legislation since the Republican Party’s 1875 Civil Rights Act.
Many Democrats in the Senate filibustered the bill, but strong Republican support ensured passage. The new law established a Civil Rights Division within the Justice Department and authorized the Attorney General to request injunctions against any attempt to deny someone’s right to vote. The GOP improved upon this landmark legislation with the 1960 Civil Rights Act.
Republicans Ended Racial Segregation in Little Rock
Just a few days after passage of the GOP’s 1957 Civil Rights Act, the Democrat governor of Arkansas ordered the National Guard to prevent the court-ordered racial integration of a public high school in Little Rock. Republican President Dwight Eisenhower refused to tolerate defiance of the federal judiciary. Under a plan suggested by his attorney general, the President placed the governor’s soldiers under federal control and ordered federal troops to the state, where they escorted African-American children to school.
Republicans were unfazed by the many Democrats, including John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson, who criticized President Eisenhower for the action he took to uphold civil rights.